Period 3
Ancient Greece: Olympics
By Shahla, Samantha, and Sydney

Shahla Delawalla's Information:
World Book: The Olympics are the most important sporting event of the year. More than 1 billion people watch the Olympics every year. It was started in Ancient Greece in 776 B.C. to A.D. 393. The modern games began in 1896.
Culture Grams: Mount Olympus is the highest point in Greece at 9570 feet. In 776 B.C., the first Olympics was held and at the same time, art, literature, and philosophy began to flourish.
Britannica Online:
Originally from Google (Ancient Greece) : The Olympic games were started in honor of Zeus. Women were not allowed to watch the games takes place. The only people that could participate were the Greek nationals. On the Middle Day of the Olympics, 100 oxen were sacrificed in honor of a god. There were 4 different types of races; runners run for one stade (stadium), 2 stade race, 7 to 24 stade, and the fourth was wearing full armor in a 2-4 stade race.
Originally from Mooter (Ancient Olympic Games): The games were always held at Olympia.
Bibliography:
http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar402520&st=ancient+greece+olymics
http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?&contid=5&wmn=Europe&cn=Greece&cid=62
http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=5&wmn=Europe&cid=62&cn=Greece&sname=History&snid=2
http://school.eb.com/all/search?query=Ancient+Greece+Olympics&x=0&y=0
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Olympics/
218389455_83e1746f46_m.jpg
By: nikoskrikelis

153821501_b7c3909913_m.jpg
By: Wallyg

153821070_62eab77b7e_m.jpg
By: Wallyg

1418243984_0dafdd9e01_m.jpg
By: Adam Poiselli

446084897_699a728d9d_m.jpg
By: RobW_

Samantha's Information:
Notes

-1st website:
http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/ancient/index_uk.asp<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

history
· The first Olympic games took place in 776 B.C.
· The games were dedicated to the Olympic gods and took place on the ancient plains of Olympia.
· The games continued for around 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius banned them in 393 A.D.
Mythology
· The myth of Idaios Daktylos Herakles is the oldest one concerning the beginning of the Olympic Games.

The athlete
· Olympic victories immortalized the athletes.
the sports events
· Until 684 B.C., the ancient Olympic Games were one-day events.
· The Games were extended to cover five days in the 5th century B.C.
·
Running, long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing, pankration, and eqestrian events were all included in the ancient Games.

Did you know?
· There was no marathon race in the ancient Olympic Games.
· The first Olympic marathon took place on April 14th, 1896 at 2 p.m.

· Plato, a philosopher, was a double winner of the pankration
· Women were not allowed to attend the Games.

-2nd website: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/sports.html

Ancient Olympics vs. modern Olympics
· In the ancient Olympics, there were fewer events.
· In the ancient Olympics, only free men who spoke Greek were allowed to compete, instead of athletes from any country.
· In the ancient Olympics, the Games were only held in Olympia, while now-a-days, the Olympics are held in many different cities.

-3rd website: [[http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/olympics.htm%3C/span%3E%3C/span%3E%3Cspan|http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/olympics.htm<span]] style="FONT-SIZE: 13pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 'Lucida Grande'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">

· the Olympic Games got their name from the place where it was held, Olympia.
· The Olympics was a religious festival to honor Zeus and Hera, two of the Greek gods.
· Even if you has a war with a city-state, you had to let the city-states pass through your city-state safely.
·
The athletes had to swear that they had been training for at least ten months.

-4th website: http://www.crystalinks.com/greekolympics.html


· The Olympics were held originally in ancient Greece.
· From as early as 776 B.C. to 383 A.D., the Ancient Olympic Games were an athletic and religious celebration held in Olympia, a Greek town.
· In 776 B.C., there were the first written accounts of the Olympic Games.
· The Olympic Games were held every four years.
· Everyone participating in the Games has to take an oath in front of the statue of Zeus, saying that they had been training for 10 months. This was necessary in order to participate.
· An olive branch was awarded to the winner of an Olympic event.
·
The athletes would compete naked.
· Events added:


Year
Olympiad
Event
776 BC
1st Olympiad
stade race
724 BC
14th Olympiad
double-stade race
720 BC
15th Olympiad
long-distance race
708 BC
18th Olympiad
pentathlon
708 BC
18th Olympiad
wrestling
688 BC
23rd Olympiad
boxing
680 BC
25th Olympiad
4-horse chariot race
648 BC
33rd Olympiad
horse race
648 BC
33rd Olympiad
pankration
520 BC
65th Olympiad
race in armor
408 BC
93rd Olympiad
2-horse chariot race

http://www.crystalinks.com/greekolympics.html<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">
A Program of the Olympic Festival
First Day
  • Oath to Zeus Horkios (Zeus of the Oaths)
  • Heats and Matchups Determined
  • Sacrifices to Pelops
Second Day
  • Procession of Equestrian Event Participants
  • Chariot Races
  • Horse Races
  • Pentathlon
    • Stade Race
    • Javelin Throw
    • Jump
    • Diskos Throw
    • Wrestling
Third Day (Day of the Full Moon)
  • Procession of All Participants
  • Sacrifices to Zeus
  • Boy's Competitions
Fourth Day
  • Running Events
    • Stade Race
    • Double-Stade Race
    • Long-Distance Race
    • Race in Armor
  • Wrestling
  • Boxing
  • Pankration
Fifth Day
  • Awarding of Prizes
  • Banquet for Victors
http://www.crystalinks.com/greekolympics.html<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

-5th website: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/index.htm

· The Greeks believed that their gods liked to see strong, fit, and graceful boy and man bodies.
-6th website: [[http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/ancientgreekolympics1.htm%3C/span%3E%3Cspan|http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/ancientgreekolympics1.htm<span]] style="FONT-SIZE: 13pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 'Lucida Grande'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">

· All fighting stopped during the Olympic Games.
· For seven days before and after the Olympic Games, fighting was considered disrespectful to the gods.

· While passing through the battlefields to the Olympic Games, the soldiers were able to travel safely with no fear of being attacked.
· The Greeks thought that it was their duty to attend the Olympic Games.
Photos
Olympia.jpg
By: RobW_

delphi.jpg
By: wallyg

parthenon.jpg
By: wallyg

stadion_in_Delphi.jpg
By: wallyg


stadion_in_Delphi_#2.jpg
By:wallyg

My Bibliography:

Bibliography for Social Studies

http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/ancient/index_uk.asp<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/sports.html<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/olympics.htm<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

http://www.crystalinks.com/greekolympics.html<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/games/index.htm<span style="font-family: Times New Roman">

http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/ancientgreekolympics1.htm</span>
_
Sydney Lawings Information:
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/sports.html


• to honor their Gods
• Only men from Greece could participate and there were no woman allowed. First game was in Greece in 776B.C
• Milon of Croton was a wrestler who won six Olympic championships.
• Leonidas of Rhodes was a famous runner.

• Part of the religious festival.
• AD 393 Olympics were canceled
• The first modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece.
• In A.D. 393, Emperor Theodosius I banned the games.
• There were fewer events, and only free men who spoke Greek could compete, instead of athletes from any country.
Held in only one place and not all around the world
• Greeks invited athletics contests
• Olympics were stopped and then started again in 1896
Olympia_by_tine_and_hagen_graf_.jpg
Tine and Hagen Graf

rings_at_olympia_by_jacob_botter.jpg
Jacob Botter





Images Bibliography: all

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